Sarah Taraporewalla's Technical Ramblings

Coding Tip #27: Turning Bools Into Enums

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On my recent project, I have noticed a resurgence in a pattern that I have seen many times previously: where a field which is represented as a boolean needs to evolve to represent more than just two values (true and false). The number of times that I have encounted this makes me believe that you should always start with enum, regardless if the values are True and False, just to make your life easier down the line.

As much as refactoring tools like resharper help you out, when it comes to refactoring a bool into an enum, it’s a pain in the arm. One of these pain points being that quite often, you see:

if (fieldRepresentedByBool) {}

which makes it quite annoying to turn it into:

if (fieldNowRepresentedByEnum.Equals(Enum.True))

Another pain point is refactoring your database is not much fun, especially if you have to ensure that you also migrate data.

The other benefit that you get from enums when compared to booleans is that your method signatures are more expressive. Consider these two signatures (yes, I know completely contrived, but I couldn’t think of a better example), and tell me which one you prefer.

render(foo, true) // where true represents isVisible render(foo, Display.Visible)

So, next time you start to type bool think about using an enum instead.